hemorrhoids causes and hemorrhoids treatment Hemorrhoids are large and swollen veins that develop in the anus and lower section of the rectum (Rectum). They are caused by exertion during the work of the digestive tract or by prolonged, severe pressure placed on these veins, as occurs during pregnancy, for example.
Hormonal hemorrhoids are a highly prevalent condition that affects around half of all individuals, even those under the age of 50.
In the vast majority of cases, employing home remedies to treat hemorrhoids and changing one's way of life results in a reduction in hemorrhoid symptoms.
Types of hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids can be classified into four categories.
1. Hemorrhoids on the outside of the body
On the anus, they're placed just next to the surface from where the stool emerges. Occasionally, bumps on the surface of the anus are evident; however, they are not usually so apparent
In most cases, external hemorrhoids do not constitute a major medical condition.
2. Internal hemorrhoids
In most cases, they are found in the rectum and are not always visible from the anus due to the fact that they are too deep to be seen from that position.
They are normally not hazardous and will go away on their own if they are left untreated.
3. Prolapsed hemorrhoids
When internal hemorrhoids enlarge and adhere to the anus, prolapsed hemorrhoids emerge. Blood-filled lumps or bumps outside of the anus are indicative of prolapsed hemorrhoids.
4. Thrombosed hemorrhoids
In the case of a thrombosed hemorrhoid, a blood clot is present within the hemorrhoid tissue, and it may manifest itself as lumps or swelling around the anus (heart).
When it comes to internal and external hemorrhoids, blood clots can occur in either or both locations.
Symptoms of hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids manifest themselves in a variety of ways, which differ from person to person and from type to type.
- 1. General symptoms of hemorrhoids
Generalized hemorrhoids may manifest themselves with the following symptoms:
- Bleeding that isn't painful when you go to the bathroom Some people report finding a small amount of bright red blood on their bathroom tissue and toilet bowl.
- In the anus region, there is itching or irritation.
- Inflammation, discomfort, or pain
- Hemorrhoids that are visible and protrude from the anus.
- The anus is swollen and swollen.
- Another bump, this one unpleasant or tender, near the anus.
- leaking of stool.
2. There are different signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids based on their type.
It is important to note that the symptoms of hemorrhoids vary depending on where they are located.
- Internal hemorrhoids have a variety of symptoms.
- Histologically, hemorrhoids in the rectum are not visible or palpable, and they normally do not cause pain.
- Straining or burning when passing stool, on the other hand, might harm or burn the hemorrhoid's fragile outer surface, resulting in bleeding.
- Internal hemorrhoids can pop out from within the body at times, especially when exercising. The term for these is protruding or prolapsed hemorrhoids, and they can cause discomfort and itchiness in the area where they are present.
- Symptoms of external hemorrhoids
- One of the most noticeable symptoms of hemorrhoids is irritation and aggravation which can result in itching and bleeding from the affected area.
- Some cases of external hemorrhoids result in a thrombus, which produces extreme discomfort, swelling, and inflammation as the blood draws inward from the hemorrhage.
What is the main cause of hemorrhoids?
It is common for swollen veins in the lower rectum to occur as a result of excessive pressure in the anus. Swollen veins may also occur as a result of excessive pressure in the lower rectum.
Causes of hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids are caused by a variety of factors, including:
- There is a genetic component.
- Because the supporting tissues of the rectal and anal veins weaken and constrict with age, this condition is referred to as "aging."
Factors that increase the risk of infection
It is possible that hemorrhoids are caused by one or more of the following factors:
- The effort was put forth during bowel movements.
- Sitting on the toilet bowl for an extended period of time.
- Prolonged diarrhea or chronic constipation are two conditions that might occur.
- Having anal sex is a sexual act.
Complications of hemorrhoids
Complications are uncommon, but when they do arise, they may include the following:
- Anemia is a condition caused by chronic blood loss as a result of a medical condition.
- A condition known as strangulated hemorrhoids develops when the blood supply to them is cut off, and the hemorrhoids suffocate, resulting in acute pain and, in severe cases, tissue death (Necrosis).
Diagnosis of hemorrhoids
The prognosis for hemorrhoids differs depending on the type.
- Hemorrhoids are diagnosed using a series of tests
The following are the steps used by the doctor in order to make the diagnosis:
- The proctologist (Proctologist) can only look to determine the presence of external hemorrhoids.
- The diagnosis of primary internal hemorrhoids is made by inserting the doctor's finger, which is covered with a rubber glove, into the rectum of the patient.
- Anuscope is used to inspect the lower portion of the colon and the rectum in order to make an advanced internal hemorrhoid diagnosis.
- Rectoscope (Proctoscope).
Cases that require a colonoscopy
A colonoscopy may be used to perform more extensive and complete examinations of all portions of the intestine in order to make a diagnosis in some instances.
It is necessary to perform a colonoscopy in the following situations:
- The existence of different diseases in the digestive system is indicated by the presence of symptoms and indicators (Digestive System).
- Cancer of the large intestine is a very real possibility in the individual who is being examined right now.
- In this case, the individual being checked is over the age of 50 and has not had a colonoscopy in the previous 10 years.
Treatment of hemorrhoids
Fortunately, there are numerous effective treatments available for the illness. Hemorrhoids are treated in a variety of ways, which are categorized into the following categories:
- 1. Medicines
- If your hemorrhoids are simply causing you discomfort, your doctor may recommend certain over-the-counter drugs, such as lotions, ointments, or suppositories, to relieve your discomfort.
- These medications contain chemicals such as hydrocortisone (Hydrocortisone) and lidocaine (Lidocaine), which can provide temporary relief from pain and itching in some cases.
- It is not recommended to use an over-the-counter steroid cream for more than a week unless instructed to do so by your doctor, as this can result in thinning of the skin in the affected area.
- 2. Eradication of a disease
- Your doctor will most likely do a thrombectomy in order to remove the uncomfortable clot caused by the external hemorrhoid. This procedure involves making an incision in order to drain the clot, which is known as a thrombectomy.
- This procedure is extremely effective if it is carried out within 72 hours of the formation of a clot in the affected location.
- 3. Simple actions
If your hemorrhoids are accompanied by bleeding and pain, your doctor may recommend that you undergo one of the minimally invasive procedures, which can be performed in the doctor's office without the need for anesthesia. These procedures include the following:
- Using a rubber band, hemorrhoids are treated.
Within one week, the doctor will insert one or two rubber bands around the base of the internal hemorrhoid in order to prevent blood from going to hemorrhoid and causing it to fall out. The doctor will then remove the rubber bands. This treatment may result in bleeding that begins 2-4 days after the operation and lasts for several days, but it is rarely serious.
A chemical solution is injected into hemorrhoid tissue during this treatment method in order to shrink it, and while this injection does not cause any discomfort, it may be less effective than a rubber band in terms of shrinking the hemorrhoid tissue.
- Hemorrhoids can be treated using coagulation.
In order to cause internal hemorrhoids to stiffen and wilt, coagulation treatments rely on the use of lasers, heat, or infrared radiation, which are applied to the wound.
When compared to therapy with a rubber band, this procedure is associated with a number of side effects, and the likelihood of hemorrhoid recurrence is significantly higher.
- 4. Surgical operations
If the prior therapies have failed and the hemorrhoid is significant in size, the doctor may recommend that you undergo one of the available surgical procedures, which include the following procedures:
- The extra tissue that is causing the bleeding is removed by the surgeon during this procedure. Local anesthesia along with sedation may be used by the surgeon. This is the most effective procedure for fully eliminating hemorrhoids.
- It is possible that the operation will result in trouble completely emptying the bladder as well as infections in the urinary tract.
- shortening of hemorrhoids
- Aiming to reduce the amount of blood that can flow into the hemorrhoidal tissue, this operation is exclusively utilized in the case of internal hemorrhoids.
- Fortunately, the pain connected with this operation is less than that involved with the last one; nonetheless, the likelihood of developing hemorrhoids again is increased.
- It is possible that the operation will result in bleeding, pain, and urine retention.
- 5. Home treatment of hemorrhoids
Home remedies can be used to cure hemorrhoids that are not accompanied by severe pain, and these processes include the following:
- Eat more fruits, veggies, and whole grains to help soften stools by increasing your intake of fiber-rich meals.
- Warm Baths: Take warm baths for 10-15 minutes, three to four times per day, for three to four days a week.
- Maintain the cleanliness of the anal area: It is always important to thoroughly clean the anal area and its surroundings with warm water and to dry it well thereafter.
- Use moist toilet paper instead of dry toilet paper: Wet toilet paper that does not contain alcohol or scent should be used in its stead.
- Placing a cold source of energy: Swelling can be reduced by applying it directly to the area where the hemorrhoid appears.
Information about other treatments depending on the type of hemorrhoids
Treatment for hemorrhoids can be accomplished in a variety of methods, depending on their nature, which includes the following:
- 1. External hemorrhoids treatment
With the exception of thrombosis, there is no need or prescription for treatment with intrusive techniques (invasive) or surgical operations for people who suffer from external hemorrhoids in most cases.
A simple surgical operation, such as an opening, may typically be performed on individuals who are assessed within 72 hours of the time the thrombosis occurred, and the blood is removed to provide great pain relief.
Some doctors and experts in this field, on the other hand, consider that a surgical procedure to remove these hemorrhoids is preferable in order to prevent the recurrence of thrombosis in the future.
- 2. Surgical treatment of internal hemorrhoids
It is likely that your doctor will propose surgery to cure your hemorrhoids if previous treatments are ineffective or do not produce the desired outcomes, or if the hemorrhoids are huge.
Some procedures can be completed in an outpatient setting, while others necessitate a one-night stay in the hospital. Examples of outpatient surgeries include:
- Hemorrhoidectomy with a closed wound.
- Hemorrhoidectomy with an open incision.
- Stapling is used to perform hemorrhoidectomy.
- Doppler ultrasonography was used to guide the closure of the hemorrhoidal artery under ultrasound guidance.
- Sphincterotomy on the lateral internal sphincter
The most effective strategy to avoid this is to ensure that your stools are soft so that they can be passed effortlessly.
It is preferable to follow the recommendations below in order to prevent or lessen the symptoms of hemorrhoids:
- Consume foods that are high in dietary fiber.
- Drink plenty of fluids.
- Take into consideration the possibilities of consuming dietary fiber as a food ingredient.
- Please refrain from exerting excessive effort.
- Go to the bathroom as soon as you notice the need to do so.
- Participating in sports.
- Make an effort to avoid standing or sitting for extended periods of time.
Although there is no herbal treatment for hemorrhoids, various plants and other natural substances may be able to assist relieve hemorrhoid symptoms, the most significant of which are as follows:
- Coconut Oil is a type of fat that comes from coconuts.
- Gel made from cactus.
- Cider vinegar is made from apples.
- Tea tree oil is a natural antiseptic.