What you did not know about the tonsillitis treatment
tonsillitis treatment Important information you should know, The treatments used for tonsillitis treatment vary depending on the cause of the inflammation; for example, if the cause is a viral infection, the patient is often cured without the use of a specific treatment and depends only on home advice to alleviate the symptoms, but if the infection is bacterial,
tonsillitis treatment is treated with appropriate antibiotics, so it is best to see a doctor to determine whether the cause of symptoms of tonsillitis are observed, or not improved with home methods, and in addition to the above, the doctor may sometimes recommend removing the tonsils surgically, especially in the case of frequent inflammation.
Tips for relieving tonsillitis
Home methods help to alleviate tonsillitis in an effective way regardless of the underlying cause, and these methods include the following:
- Rest: take enough hours of sleep to help the body fight infection.
- Drinking plenty of fluids: water helps to moisturize the throat, and avoid dryness, and hot liquids such as soups and warm water with honey help to relieve sore throat.
- Gargling with saline: gargling with saline helps soothe a sore throat, and the saline solution is prepared by adding a teaspoon of table salt to a glass of lukewarm water.
- Air humidification: humidifying the surrounding air with a cold air humidifier helps eliminate dry air that increases throat irritation.
- Avoid throat irritants: such as smoking and strong cleaning agents.
Pharmacological tonsillitis treatments
The drug options used in the case of tonsillitis, can be divided into treatments that relieve symptoms and others that eliminate the cause, and this is explained below:
- Medications to relieve symptoms: include pain relievers and antipyretics such as paracetamol (rivanin) and ibuprofen (provenin), also available in pharmacies sucking tablets for the throat that relieve throat pain, Includingrrlll.
- Antibiotics: most cases of tonsillitis result from infection with a viral infection, and in such cases have only monitor the patient, and give drugs that relieve symptoms, and usually the patient is cured within seven to ten days, and it is not correct to give antibiotics in cases of viral infections because they cause side effects without the use of the desired benefit. in contrast, antibiotics are an effective treatment in cases of tonsillitis caused by bacterial infection, where symptoms improve within 24-48 hours of antibiotic administration, but it is important to take the treatment for the period specified by the doctor.
Tonsillectomy to tonsillitis treatment
Tonsillectomy in which the tonsils are removed may be performed in some cases of bacterial inflammation that do not respond to antibiotics and treatments used, as well as in the case of chronic tonsillitis, or when the infection recurs, and the recurrence of infection is intended to achieve any of the following:
- Inflammation of the tonsils more than seven times during the year.
- Tonsillitis more often than four to five times per year, and so for two consecutive years.
- Tonsillitis more than three times per year, and so for three consecutive years.
The doctor may also resort to tonsillectomy in the event of complications difficult to treat, the most important of which are the following:
- Obstructive sleep apnea.
- Difficulty breathing.
- Difficulty swallowing food.
- The appearance of an abscess that does not respond to antibiotics given.
Methods of performing tonsillectomy
The operation is a simple surgical procedure and the patient can leave the hospital after the operation on the same day, and usually, the full recovery process after the operation takes a period of 7-14 days. the methods followed by the surgeon to remove the tonsils vary, but are often done through the mouth through the use of a scalpel, laser, ultrasound, and others.
it is worth noting that all these methods are relatively converging in the results, the degree of safety, and the extent of recovery of the patient, and are chosen among them based on the experience and opinion of the surgeon.
In addition to the need for the patient to adhere to the instructions provided by the specialist doctor, there are some tips to help him recover, and can be described below:
- Take time off from work or school, and avoid crowded places during the first week after the operation to avoid infection.
- Do not practice extreme sports activities that require great effort.
- Refrain from smoking.
- Ensure a healthy diet, including avoiding ice cream, and throat irritants such as lemon juice, and spicy foods, for about 10 days.
- Avoid taking aspirin because it may increase the likelihood of bleeding, and be careful to take medications as prescribed by your doctor.
Both viruses and bacteria cause tonsillitis, and it is worth saying that these bacteria are the same as those that cause sore throats, and in some rare cases fungi and parasites can cause tonsillitis.
It can be said that most cases of inflammation are due to viruses, so there are some types known to cause the occurrence of viral tonsillitis, including:
- The virus that causes a cold or cold; is called rhinovirus.
- Influenza virus.
- Virus counterpart flu that causes inflammation in the larynx, diphtheria.
- Enteroviruses, cause diseases hands, feet, and mouth.
- Adenoviruses are the most common viruses known to cause diarrhea.
- The virus that causes measles; is called rubella.
- Virus Epstein Barr is associated with the occurrence of disease mono, infectious, which may be attributed to infection of the tonsils viral in rare cases to this virus.
There are types of bacteria known to cause bacterial tonsillitis, including the following:
- Streptococcus pyogenes, where this type of bacteria causes 30% of cases of bacterial tonsillitis, while other types of bacteria cause 70% and this indicates that Streptococcus pyogenes is the most common type of tonsillitis, according to a study conducted at the University of Tikrit in 2018.
- Bacteria Staphylococcus aureus.
- Mycobacterium pneumoniae.
- Chlamydia pneumoniae.
- The bacteria that cause whooping cough is called Bordetella pertussis.
- Fusiform bacteria.
- Bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae.